In Australia, the preparation of stem cells for transplant is regulated by a government body called the Therapeutic Goods Administration. Cord blood banks are considered manufacturers of therapeutic goods, and cannot release cells for transplant in Australia unless they are licensed by the TGA. The TGA mandates compliance with the FACT-NetCord Cord Blood Standards.

Initially, family cord blood banks in Australia were only licensed to release cells for autologous use by the baby from which they came. However, there was no legislation prohibiting the use of privately stored cord blood for siblings, and it was allowed as needed on a case by case basis. Finally, the regulations were amended so that family bank licenses now cover sibling use of the cord blood as well.