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Oct 2015 Somatic cells may be scientifically defined as "A cell within the developing or developed organism with the exception of egg and sperm cells".1 In the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the term is most often used to refer to non-hematopoietic cells that might be used for other cellular therapies. Pancreatic islet cells for transplantation in diabetic patients are one example of somatic cells. Mesenchymal stromal cells (also called mesenchymal stem cells or MSC) are another somatic cell type. MSCs have received increased attention in recent years.
Oct 2015 Progenics Cord Blood Cryobank The birth of a child is a one-time opportunity to harvest from the umbilical cord blood those stem cells that can rebuild and replenish a patient's blood and immune systems, and provide regenerative therapy. Unlike stem cells that come from bone marrow or peripheral blood, it is not possible to return to the source if the stem cells are lost or damaged. Thus proper freezing (cryopreservation) and storage for future transplantation are of the utmost importance for cord blood cells.