Oklahoma has state legislation around cord blood education that follows the Institute of Medicine guidelines and mandates/encourages physicians to educate expectant parents about ALL forms of cord blood banking. The Oklahoma bill was enacted 15 May 2008 and became effective 1 July 2008.
- Are related donors better for transplants?
The overall answer is yes, but this is a complex topic.
The two important measures of patient outcome are: long-term survival, and the impact on quality of life from graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Sibling donors tend to trigger less GvHD. Also, sibling donors are available faster than searching for an unrelated donor, and patients have better survival when they go to transplant faster after diagnosis.
The exact comparison of outcome between sibling or unrelated donor varies with the patient diagnosis. The NMDP website has a page on this, with numerous references. For many cancers the outcomes are comparable, although sibling donors have a slight edge. The largest study was by Weisdorf et al. 2002, for over 2900 patients with CML leukemia. When correcting for all other factors, the survival with sibling donor vs unrelated donor was 68% vs. 61%. Sibling donors show a significant improvement for pediatric cord blood transplants of hereditary disorders. The European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group (EBMT) reported 3 year survival rates of 95% from a sibling donor vs. 61% from an unrelated donor.
Weisdorf, D.J. et al. Blood 2002; 99:1971-1977.
Bizzetto, R. et al. (EBMT) Haematologica 2011; 96(01):134-141
- How is the website of the Parent's Guide to Cord Blood unique?
- Only searchable map of US donation locations.
- Only worldwide directory of private/family cord blood banks that is actively maintained.
- Only website offering a Compare Banks tool that is not a marketing feature of one of the Banks.
- Only list of "diseases treated" that differentiates between standard vs. experimental therapy, and whether the treatment uses stem cells from the patient vs. a donor.
- Only cord blood web site that is accredited by Health on the Net (HON) standards for accuracy and ethics.
- What are the most important things to do when collecting cord blood?
1. Read the instructions on the kit! Too many healthcare providers think that they don't need to read and follow instructions.
2. Sterilize before every needle stick. When in doubt, sterilize again!
3. Volume, volume, volume. You want to "milk the cord" for as much blood as possible. If the blood vessel you are using stops working, try another or move upstream, but sterilize first.