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Canada has had a public network accepting cord blood donations in Quebec since 2004 and is expanding to cover the nation in 2013.Read more >>
- If I donate my baby's cord blood, will that child have free access to cord blood for a transplant?
- No. When a mother signs the Informed Consent to donate cord blood, she gives up any guaranteed access to that blood. The blood may not be banked, and if it is banked, it may be released to some one else. There have been cases where families needed their child's cord blood and got it back from a public bank, but it is important to realize there are no guarantees of access to donated cord blood. Cord blood donors also do not receive guarantees of priority treatment or waived fees if your child later needs a donor. The reward for donating cord blood is the possibility that your baby may Be The Match that saves a life.
- How is cord blood collected?
It literally only takes minutes to save the stem cells in cord blood. Once the cord is clamped, the cord is wiped with antiseptic and a needle is inserted into one of the veins in the umbilical cord to withdraw a few ounces of blood.
There are two methods of collection in common use. One is to hang a blood bag lower than the mother and let gravity draw blood down the tube into the bag. This method is used in most countries of the world, because it has the fewest steps, and therefore the fewest opportunities for mistakes or contamination.
The second method is to actively draw the blood out, just like when a person has a blood draw for a medical test. The draw can be done with a standard syringe or with a bulb in the bag tubing that creates suction. Studies have shown that actively drawing the blood will collect a larger volume faster.
- What is delayed cord clamping?
Some people feel that the blood in the umbilical cord should be allowed to flow into the baby and that the cord should not be clamped while it is still pulsing. Medical studies have shown that, particularly in parts of the world with poor infant health care, delayed cord clamping can help protect the baby from anemia (low blood counts) during the first 6 months of life. However, a prolonged delay will allow the blood in the cord to clot, and the opportunity to collect the blood for stem cells will be lost. Therefore, if clamping is delayed, it should not be more than two minutes.
Hutton, EK & Hassan, ES, JAMA 2007; 297:1241-1252
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Abalos E., 2009; The World Health Organization Reproductive Health Library