Find regulations by country or state
- What is the allowed time window for shipping cord blood to the lab?
- Public cord blood banks throughout the world have adopted a time window of 48 hours as the maximum delay from birth to the initiation of lab processing. It would be a "best practice" if family banks also followed the 48 hour window.
Some data points:
- FACT accreditation standards require the 48 hour window for public donations but allow 72 hours for family banks.
- AABB accreditation standards do not specify a time window.
- The US FDA recommends the 48 hour window.
- The US state of NY Dept. of Health requires a 48 hour window.
- How is cord blood collected?
It literally only takes minutes to save the stem cells in cord blood. Once the cord is clamped, the cord is wiped with antiseptic and a needle is inserted into one of the veins in the umbilical cord to withdraw a few ounces of blood.
There are two methods of collection in common use. One is to hang a blood bag lower than the mother and let gravity draw blood down the tube into the bag. This method is used in most countries of the world, because it has the fewest steps, and therefore the fewest opportunities for mistakes or contamination.
The second method is to actively draw the blood out, just like when a person has a blood draw for a medical test. The draw can be done with a standard syringe or with a bulb in the bag tubing that creates suction. Studies have shown that actively drawing the blood will collect a larger volume faster.
- Will my delivery hospital allow me to use any family bank?
In the US, the answer to this question is almost always YES. However... a handful of hospitals have signed exclusive contracts requiring their patients to use certain family banks, so it is best to check in advance.
Those hospitals who have made exclusive partnerships will argue that it improves their level of care, because their staff train with and stock the collection kits for the banks they have approved. The hospital probably has a financial incentive too. However, for parents it means a lack of consumer choice.